Historically, tigers were quite abundant in Myanmar, and were actually considered a pest species, and thus killed by the thousands. Now, there are only few tigers remaining (<30 mature individuals) in very specific areas in Myanmar. The population trend is likely to continue to decline due to the presence of threats from habitat loss and poaching. Tiger population (>150 individuals) was estimated based on National Tiger Survey (1999-2002). Again, based on the current tiger survey (2014-2018), at least 22 individuals were detected, from which not more than 50 mature individuals could be inferred since most of the camera traps were deployed in the locations of the most likely presence.