Baer’s Pochard

ပို့ချပ် ခေါင်းစိမ်းငှက်, ဘဲပို့ချပ် ငှက်

Aythya baeri






Extinction risk

Global IUCN statusCR


Head to body length

41-47 cm

Body weight (kg)


This critically endangered Baer ’s Pochard (A ythya baeri) was last recorded in Myanmar in 2003. From 2016 to recent days, the numbers of Baer’s Pochard records are gradually going down from 12 at one wintering site to a small number spreading in many important wintering sites in Myanmar. The habitat loss, the wetland degradation and the hunting are the key factors threatening this species.


Wild population



Myanmar population

< 50

Global population

150 - 700

The generation length for A. baeri is 7.6 years Population trend is decreasing and the population of this species was estimated <50 individuals. AOO of the species is 20 km2 and its EOO covers 40376.017 km2 in its available habitats.

Habitat ecology

Baer’s Pochard prefers the well-vegetated freshwater wetlands such as lakes, ponds and reservoirs in open-country.

Threats to survival

Threats to survival

Habitat degradation (e.g. drying up of waterbodies in Paleik Lake for rice harvesting) and hunting by the use of poisoned baits are the main threats at their wintering sites. Human presence (e.g. tourism and fishermen) may also cause indirect effects through disturbance.

Instruction: The visualization shows threats that are impacting each species. According to IUCN, direct threats are the proximate human activities or processes that have impacted, are impacting, or may impact the the status of the taxon being assessed. Click of the highlighted icons to see details each threat category.

Use and trade

This species is not used or traded.

Conservation Actions


Research undertaken

This species is completely protected by the Conservation of Biodiversity and Protected Area Law (2018). Some wintering sites lie within protected areas such as Indawgyi Wetland Wildlife Sanctuary, Inle Wetland Wildlife Sanctuary. Biodiversity And Nature Conservation Association (BANCA) has monitored the wintering assessment survey the Baer’s Pochard and other migratory water bird species in Central Myanmar since 2016. BANCA has collaborated with the local community conservation group (Shwe-Kan-Thar-Yar Nature Conservation Association) by making the CEPA activities and supporting the conservation training, and conducting education awareness program to village school and local people in Pyu Lake. In Mandalay region, it has the wetland committee to save not only the Baer’s Pochard and other migratory water birds species, but also the priority wetland areas.

Research needed

Protect, manage and restore the potential wetlands where the species might winter. To enforce the law to protect this species from hunting, promote conservation awareness raising campaign targeting the community closed to their wintering sites. Regular surveys and researches are needed at all possible wintering areas to know its ecology, changes to in population, key threats and make recommendation to Policy maker.

Assessed by

Thet Zaw Naing,Kyaw Myo Naing,Nay Myo Hlaing,Saw Moses,Thiri Dae We Aung,Branshaung,Thiri Sandar Zaw,Win Thuya Htut,Htet Lin Kyaw,Thaung Htut,Lay Win

Reviewed by

Monica Böhm



National Redlist of Threatened Species in Myanmar

The Myanmar National Red List of threatened species contributes to the GEF funded “Strengthening Sustainability of Protected Area Management in Myanmar” project. To support the National Biodiversity Strategy Action Plan (2015-2020), Target 12 for commitment to prevent the extinction of known threatened species and improve their conservation status, the National Red List of some selected taxa has been produced. This report summarizes the assessment process and its results with detailed descriptions for some selected threatened species in Myanmar.