This ecosystem occurs above the upper limit of mangrove forests (Stamp 1925). Tree species may include Elaeocarpus hygrophilus (Elaeocarpaceae), Lagerstroemia speciosa (Lythraceae), Mangifera caloneura (Anacardiaceae), Calophyllum sp. (Calophyllaceae), Litsea nitida and Aglaia cucullata (Meliaceae). A variety of cane species may also be present (Stamp 1925). No field work was conducted in this ecosystem type, so an extensive inventory of characteristic biota has not been developed.