Resident aquatic species are adapted to drying and wetting, enabling them to persist through extended dry periods. Grasses dominate including Phragmtes australis, other canegrasses, Leersia and Cynodon dactylon. Aquatic herbs such as Persicaria and Ludwigia are common. Ottelia alismoides is abundant in most permanent and seasonal wetland ecosystems across the Ayeyarwady floodplain (Kress et al., 2003). There is a very high abundance and diversity of wetland bird species, including migratory birds, waterbirds and specialist passerines such as Jerdon's Babbler Chrysomma altirostre (VU), Asian Golden Weaver Ploceus hypoxanthus (NT), Streaked Weaver Ploceus manyar, and Yellow-throated Bunting Emberiza elegans (CR). Waterbird species include Lesser Whistling-duck Dendrocygna javanica, Cotton Pygmy-goose Nettapus coromandelianus, Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis, Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio, Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans, Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus, Little Cormorant Microcarbo niger, Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster (NT), Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus, Bronze- winged Jacana Metopidius indicus and Black- winged Kite Elanus caeruleus. There is also a very broad range of Herons (Ardeidae), Sandpipers, Snipes and Phalaropes (Scolopacidae). This ecosystem also supports an important population of Fishing Cat Prionailurus viverrinus (VU).