Complex forest composed of trees from multiple taxa including Rhizophora apiculata, Avicennia officinalis, Bruguiera sexangular, Excoecaria agallocha and Sonneratia caseolaris. Up to 33 mangrove species have been recorded in this system (U Win Maung, pers. comm.) out of a total of 34 recorded nationally (Aye et al., 2019). Nypa fruticans may occur in the upper intertidal zone where there is more freshwater influence, although its presence may have increased in response to human disturbance. The area provides habitat for several threatened vertebrates, including Irrawaddy dolphin Orcaella brevirostris (EN), Estuarine crocodile Crocodylus porosus and Mangrove Terrapin Batagur baska (CR). There is a small group of mangrove specialized breeding birds including Brown-winged Kingfisher Pelargopsis amauroptera (NT), Ruddy Kingfisher Halcyon coromanda, Mangrove Pitta Pitta megarhyncha (NT), and Mangrove Whistler Pachycephala cinereal (Rasmussen and Anderton, 2012). Migratory shorebirds may also be present in this ecosystem, utilizing vegetation for roosting habitat and foraging among the aerial roots and pneumatophores at low tide (Hogarth, 2015). There are relatively few mammals in the area but Smooth Otter Lutrogale perspicillata (VU) and Fishing Cat Prionailurus viverrinus (VU) have both been recorded (Francis, 2019).